What is DHA ARA in infant formula?

What does DHA and ARA do for babies?

DHA levels in red blood cells and neural tissues and resulting neurodevelopmental outcomes—specifically, improved visual acuity and cognitive performance—in infants and young children have been linked to the levels of DHA and ARA in breast milk and formula.

What are the benefits of DHA and ARA?

DHA supports brain and cognitive development, mental adaptability and problem solving, visual development, attention and information processing10,11,12,13,16 while ARA may play a role in supporting development of a healthy immune system, bone formation, blood flow and blood vessel function.

Is DHA necessary in baby formula?

Clinical studies have demonstrated that DHA helps support certain learning outcomes, visual acuity, and overall brain development in babies. DHA is found in breast milk and is important both in utero and after birth, which are reasons why this nutrient can also be found in prenatal supplements and some baby formulas.

Why is DHA bad for babies?

Other studies suggest no benefit. It is known that long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (DHA in particular) accumulate in brain and eye of the fetus, especially during the last trimester of pregnancy. These fatty acids are also found in the fat of human breast milk.

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Does DHA Make Babies Smarter?

And as with formula, prenatal DHA supplements don’t seem to make for smarter children. That conclusion was confirmed in a recent randomized controlled trial published in JAMA, which found no effect of prenatal DHA supplementation on children’s I.Q. at age 7.

What should you avoid in formula?

Ingredients to Avoid in Baby Formula

  • Corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup, and other added sugars, as these may contribute unnecessary sweeteners to your baby’s diet.
  • Added DHA and ARA, as these are commonly processed using hexane solvents, a neurotoxin, and are not necessarily beneficial in this scenario.

Why is DHA controversial in formula?

Controversy of Adding DHA in Formula Products

This is mainly to mimic the composition of breastmilk (mean DHA content ranges from 0.2-1.0% of fatty acids), and to take into consideration the typically higher blood level of DHA in breastfed infants than that in infants fed with formulae not containing DHA.

What are the side effects of DHA?

Taking DHA in the form of fish oil may cause certain side effects, such as bad breath, heartburn, and nausea. It is also a blood thinner. It’s important to keep in mind that many supplements haven’t been tested for safety and dietary supplements are largely unregulated.

How much DHA should a baby have?

What are the Recommendations for Children? Evelyn Tribole, RD, author of The Ultimate Omega-3 Diet, cites international guidelines suggesting that children 2–3 years old get 433 mg of DHA/EPA, with a minimum of 145mg of DHA. 4-6 years old get 600mg of DHA/EPA, with a minimum of 200mg of DHA.

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What is the difference between ARA and DHA?

Docosahexaenoic acid, better known as DHA, and arachidonic acid, better known as ARA, are fatty acids found in breast milk, as well as in some foods, like fish and eggs. … Both DHA and ARA are classified as long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, or PUFAs, a special type of fatty acid.